An authentic Hadith regarding the wealth of the son and father


أَنتَ ومالُكَ لِأَبِيكَ


Verily, you and your wealth are for your father

Narrator(s): Jābir Ibn ‘Abdullah.

Reference: Sunnan Ibn Mājah & Musnad Imām Ahmad.


  • A man came to the Prophet and said, ‘O Messenger of Allāh ﷺ , my father wants to take my wealth.’ The Prophet ﷺ replied, ‘you and your wealth are for your father’.
  • There are 5 conditions which permits a father utilising some of the wealth of his son:
    • He has a need to utilise some of the wealth, and only takes according to his need.
    • There should be no harm upon the son.
    • The wealth should be surplus to the needs of the son. For example, if the son requires his car to to earn a living and going to work, it is not permitted for the father to take it.
    • The father taking the wealth does not prevent the son fulfilling rights of others, such as spending upon his mother, or maintaining his wife and children.
    • The father is not being wasteful with the money, or comitting Ḥarām such as gambling.
    • The father cannot take welath off one son, in order to give it to another son/child, as this is favouritism between children and oppression.
  • This Ḥadīth also shows the immense right of the parents over their children, and that these rights do not cease as soon as a child leaves their parental home or becomes independant.
  • The meaning of this Ḥadīth is that ‘…your wealth [can be utilised] by your father’ and not ‘…[belong] to your father’. [Refer to Nayl al-Awtār by ash-Shawkāni Vol. 6 P. 17]
  • This Ḥadīth does not give the father complete ownership of the son’s wealth, rather it permits his to take some of it for a need. The son must still give its Zakāh, as well as it being his inheritance for others.


Related Āyāt:

  • {Worship Allāh, associate nothing with Him, and be good to your parents} [04:36]
  • {Your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him, and be good to your parents} [17:23]
  • {And lower to them the wing of humility out of mercy and say, “My Lord, have mercy upon them as they brought me up [when I was] small.”} [17:24]

Related narrations:

  • The Prophet ﷺ said, ‘The father is the middle of the gates of Paradise, so keep to this gate or lose it.’ [At-Tirmidhī]
  • A man came to the Prophet ﷺ asking permission to wage jihad. The Prophet said, ‘are your parents alive?’ The man replied, ‘yes’. The Prophet said, ‘Then strive in the service of them both.’ [Al-Bukhārī & Muslim]

He is a graduate of the Islaamic University of Madeenah, having graduated from the Institute of Arabic Language, and later the Faculty of Sharee'ah in 2010. He currently resides in Nelson, Lancashire and is the Imam of Masijd Sunnah.

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